Fundamentally severed from war's source and direction, recent american war literature has, so far, failed to achieve cultural significance the power of literature is dependent upon the formation of a robust circuit between the ecstatic and the quotidian literary texts mediate between extraordinary moments. They point out violent literature is often not to blame for violent behavior in children rather, the inclusion of violence in quality literature can create rather, such books “reestablish the place of embattled individuals within the unstable social and political circumstances of a nation at war” (miller, 2009, ¶11. This week marks a century since the outbreak of the first world war chosen from 1000 years of english writing about war, poet and oxford professor jon stallworthy selects some of the best attempts to think through this most extreme of human experiences. Justice and the justification of war in ancient greece: four authors tristan k husby connecticut college, [email protected] follow this and additional works at: part of the ancient history, greek and roman through late antiquity commons, and the ancient philosophy. Intelligence in recent public literature just war in the age of terror by jean bethke elshtain new york: basic books, 2003 the lesser evil: political ethics in the age of terror by michael ignatieff princeton, nj: princeton university press, 2004 reviewed by william nolte. By approaching the declaration in this way, we can shed light both on its literary qualities and on its rhetorical power as a work designed to convince a candid world that the american colonies were justified in seeking to establish themselves as an independent nation2 the text of the declaration can be. Justification definition, a reason, fact, circumstance, or explanation that justifies or defends: his insulting you was ample justification for you to leave the party see more. Some of the authors in this survey make rational arguments, refuting western- centric perspectives that justify war as a necessary and logical event in order to fully engage with the representation of war in central american–american literary works as part of cultural memory practices in the united states, it is necessary to.
The history of just war theory begins in the works of some important philosophers augustine (354-430) provides a foundation for just war theory in western literature thomas the need by a civil society to provide sound justification for going to war is one of the many practical influences that philosophy has on our lives. Plus, they had a cause that needed no justification, whereas many british writers about the great war ended up ambivalent or downright negative about their participation – another dilemma that deepened their work the great war was a literary war in another sense, in that it was fought, at least on the. Finally, the question remains as to whether war is ever morally justified just war theory is a useful structure within such descriptions may linger in oral and literary depictions of war, for we read of war in poems, stories, anecdotes and histories that may encompass older conceptions of war nonetheless, war's descriptions.
International law and the just war tradition are at the very least used by government as part of the propaganda to justify its foreign policy, defense policy, and tactical and strategic policy during conflicts in other words this work highlights the importance of nuclear weapons in just war literature since 1945. The literature of war has existed since the first literary texts were written scholars have been quick to acknowledge that war is a dominant force in the works of the three earliest cultures: the greeks, the romans, and the hebrews homer's the iliad and the odyssey reflect a culture of war as does virgil's. Today these same issues are being discussed in connection with literature and democracy and literature and the war if the writer has not suppressed the facts, we can seek to understand him and if we find value in his work, we can justify that work despite agreement or disagreement with his formal ideas and it is to be.
But one of the reasons why i keep reading fiction, literary works about war, is as a partial substitute, if you will, for actually experiencing it myself i don't for example, on the topic of when humanitarian intervention in the affairs of another state is justified, walzer has a very narrow and restricted account of justification for. The conception of civil war in the econometric literature and their implications for econo- metric specification and estimation in subsequent work, doyle and sambanis (2006) date the second war and licklider's efforts to justify separating the two wars they identify for zimbabwe actually point to the close connections.
In such cases, the ethic of war is considered, or is implicitly held to be, beyond the norms of peaceful ethics and therefore deserving a separate moral realm where fair is foul and foul is fair (shakespeare, macbeth ii) in such examples ( eg, rwanda, 1994), a people's justification of destructiveness and killing to whatever. Poems very seldom consist of poetry and nothing else and pleasure can be derived also from their other ingredients ashgate publishing, 2012, p14 indents or centre-justification really ought to have some rationale, and i'd extend that to those poems that roam freely about the whiteness, glyn maxwell, glyn maxwell,.
This article concludes with recent developments that challenge conventional theories concerning justified war and its proper conduct in the light of new a preliminary outline for clausewitz's mature work (clausewitz 1976), this summary is a lesson outline for clausewitz's pupil, the prussian crown prince,. Peace, as well as an analytical work which compares and contrasts different perspectives in scripture a thorough literature review revealed the absence of any similar compilation of scriptural extracts or a comparison of the justifications for war and peace in the abrahamic religions read alongside part ii, this work is almost. This is a major contribution to the literature on the morality of war, written in two voices, one argumentative, the other reflective and open to other perspectives a rich reflection on a wealth of literature, historical and contemporary, addressing the justifications for making war--george wilkes, scottish journal of theology.
This chapter attempts to strengthen the institutionalist approach to the justification of preventive war it seeks to refute the claim that preventive war as such is unjust because it involves violations of the rights of at least some of those who are targeted in the preventive action it argues that even the strongest 'rights-based'. The analysis has particular relevance owing to the fact that pakistani officialdom has treated 1971 with a stunning silence, to the extent that cara cilano's pioneering book reviewed here – national identities in pakistan: the 1971 war in contemporary pakistani fiction – looks to literary texts for answers. From the classical literature of causes for war that are now rejected but were which the conception is embedded as i will make clear below, i mean by a just war something more than merely a morally justified war 1 just cause for war jeff mcmahan is a sense in which just cause does less work than many have sup. We report on the state of the literature on endogenous armaments and power and the implications for conflict movements, the religious motivation was used by some leaders to justify actions and to mobilize people foundation in economics, and was made very clear in work by myerson and satterthwaite ( 1983) to see.
Julius bab (1880-1955) later estimated that approximately 15 million poems were sent to newspapers that month though much smaller in terms of numbers, a wave of pseudo-philosophical pamphlets with essays, sermons and lectures that justified the war. There are myriads of works and memoirs of war such as who killed daniel pearl (melville house, 2003), the international best-seller by bernard-henri levy and jarhead (scribner, 2003) by anthony swofford, an ex-marine who fought in the first gulf war and later attended the iowa writers' workshop. A war is only just if it is fought for a reason that is justified, and that carries sufficient moral weight the country that a just war in modern times wars to defend the innocent are increasingly regarded as just (which fits with the idea in some religious literature that it is better to defend an innocent than to defend oneself.