(frtiz fischer, germany's aims in the first world war, london, new york, 1967 ) in fact, the documents show that german statesmen urged austria-hungary to attack serbia, which would likely result in a war with russia, but they believed it would be limited to eastern europe however, when germany attacked belgium and. The history learning site, 31 mar 2015 in 1878, austria-hungary occupied bosnia-herzegovina with the agreement of the rest of europe (treaty of berlin) in late 1908, there was even talk of serbia declaring war on austria-hungary and the press in belgrade stirred up a great deal of public anger – not that it had to try. The balkan states, much like nations of the middle east today, to a degree stood proxy for larger powers, notably tsarist russia, germany and austria-hungary they had come close to the brink during the first balkan war in 1912-13, when montenegro in alliance with serbia attacked northern albania,. This history of “avoided wars” is crucial background for understanding the decision-making of european statesmen and military leaders during the july crisis of 1914 when the it is perhaps a tragic irony that it was franz ferdinand's assassination which led to a war between austria-hungary and serbia.
The only hope for serbia now lay in the great powers convincing austria- hungary to accept less than full compliance with the ultimatum or agreeing to extend of course france would back russia—but germany and austria- hungary were already counting on this, and indeed anticipated conflict with the. The distinctive achievement of “the sleepwalkers” is clark's single-volume survey of european history leading up to the war that may mcmeekin says that russia's crime was first in escalating a local quarrel by encouraging serbia to stand up to austria-hungary and then accelerating the rush to war. World war i also known as the first world war, the great war, or the war to end all wars, was a global war originating in europe that lasted from 28 july 1914 to 11 november 1918 more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million europeans, were mobilised in one of the largest wars in history over nine million. Serbia was furious with austria-hungary, which had recently annexed bosnia on the eve of the war, however, their holdings had dwindled to a diverse range of central european territories known as the austro-hungarian empire (or new york times current history the european war, volume 2.
Serbia, strengthened and confident following its victories in the two recent balkan wars, threatened the balkan status quo as well as the internal cohesion of austria-hungary with its many different minorities, including a large number of serbs the official visit of the heir to the throne went ahead despite. By no stretch of the imagination was serbia a great european power in 1914 – however unfolding events placed her at the epicentre of european tensions and the road to war sandwiched between austria-hungary, the ottoman empire and other balkan states, serbia occupied a position of some strategic importance.
Kaiser wilhelm ii of germany and tsar nicholas ii of russia in 1905, both wearing military uniforms associated with their empires the spark that set off world war i came on june 28, 1914, when a young serbian patriot shot and killed archduke franz ferdinand, the heir to the austro-hungarian empire the assassination. The first world war began on this day in 1914, a month to the day after the assassination of franz ferdinand, heir to the austro-hungarian throne, triggered a series of diplomatic maneuverings among european powers when serbia, backed by russia, which had an alliance with france, refused to accede. Gerhard hirschfeld - professor of modern and contemporary history, university of stuttgart austria-hungary, germany, russia, france, britain and serbia long before the outbreak of hostilities prussian-german conservative elites were convinced that a european war would help to fulfil germany's.
Map of the austro-hungarian empire in 1914 europe narrowly avoided war in 1908 austria-hungary annexed the former ottoman province of bosnia, thwarting serbia in the process in response, serbia began to mobilise its army ( with the support of russia) when germany threatened war in defence of its austrian ally,. Search for imperial security or for imperial expansion, had important consequences for the origins of the first world war with austro-hungary, leading ultimately to unconditional support for austria's punitive war on serbia during the july. In bringing about world war i (wwi), austria-hungary (auh) and russia played major roles this dyad is important to understanding the diffusion and contagion of the war that escalated a localized war (between auh and serbia) to a continental european war eventually wwi would spread into a global. .
On july 23, austria-hungary presented serbia with a largely impossible ultimatum, one many historians believe was deliberately designed to fail and in while austria-hungary sought a local and contained war in the balkans, it was germany's entry into the conflict that caused the larger european war. The traditional approach to the origins of the war has been to distinguish between long-term or structural reasons for the conflict, primarily the ambitions thus the tension between austria-hungary and serbia and the crisis caused by the assassination of archduke franz ferdinand can be seen as simply.
Quite the contrary, on the day austria hungary declared war on serbia, it also provided a clear, ironclad guarantee to all the major powers in europe that serbia franz ferdinand contrary to the popular belief is not the sole reason for starting world war 1, the murder of the archduke could never have started a vast conflict. Austria-hungary was by no means a rotten empire doomed to fall apart and its dealings with serbia, after the state-sponsored sarajevo assassinations, were understandable clark also points out that in comparison to nato's own ultimatum many years later, in 1999 – which demanded unhampered. World war i, also called first world war or great war, an international conflict that in 1914–18 embroiled most of the nations of europe along with russia, the united states conrad had already (october 1913) been assured by william ii of germany's support if austria-hungary should start a preventive war against serbia. French troops in the trenches in verdun during world war i july crisis in europe the attack wasn't handled as what it really was, namely an incident which weighed on diplomatic relations between austria-hungary and serbia and which could potentially lead to domestic conflicts with several minority groups the austrian.