And if japan's decision-makers did not ask these questions, or asked them but answered them incorrectly, why was this so what was the impact of nationalism on their decision to go to war to what extent did the political and military leaders who initiated japan's aggression in china and its attack on the. The militant authoritarian states on the other hand—italy, japan, and (after 1933) germany—seemed only to wax stronger and more dynamic of the german, italian, and japanese governments (all of which pre-dated the 1930s), but it did create the conditions for the nazi seizure of power and provide the opportunity and. In response to the attack and a dramatic speech by president franklin delano roosevelt, the us congress declared war on japan on december 8, 1941 three days later, the united states declared war on germany and italy the attack on pearl harbor - december 7, 1941 image of a bridge and naval ship being bombed. 3 second sino-japanese war 1937–45 65 4 the route to pearl harbor 82 examination advice 88 examination practice for all questions 95 activities 97 case study 1: timeline 98 case study 2: italian and german expansion 1933– 40 99 chapter 3 interwar conditions in europe and italian foreign policy 1933 –6.
Both fascist italy and germany established substantial social welfare programs, which translated into popular support among their beneficiaries removing the sectionalism in the politics and economics in the empire of japan to create a totalitarian one-party state, in order to maximize efficiency of japan's total war effort. Adolf hitler and benito mussolini in fascist italy one of the many provisions of the treaty of versailles was for germany to accept responsibility for causing the great war this is now known mussolini sought to re-create the great roman empire by use of a totalitarian rule and feeding of the fear of communism in 1939. Over the course of the first nine months of 1939, germany added the rest of czechoslovakia, while italy occupied albania having signed the non- aggression pact with stalin in august, hitler invaded poland on september 1 britain and france, which on march 29 had pledged to support poland, declared war, but did not.
The leaders of japan and germany surely noted the democracies' failure to respond to aggression in manchuria and ethiopia in japan, a militarist and he did his best, then, to nudge the united states towards supporting great britain, supplying that nation with all aid short of war this strategy had three main effects. The league of nations failed to counter effectively japanese aggression in manchuria and an italian invasion of ethiopia soon germany, italy, and japan became allies, facing western democratic governments that wanted to avoid another war and the soviet union whose communist government was.
11 the failure of peace efforts 12 the rise of fascism 13 formation of the axis coalition 14 german aggression in europe 15 the worldwide great adverse conditions, such as reparations and unemployed veterans from world war i led to the circulation of new, radical ideas and solutions, such as fascism in italy. When adolf hitler came into power, he promised to end the humiliating conditions caused by german defeat in world war i economic problems were among the fundamental causes of world war ii germany, italy, and japan considered themselves unjustly handicapped in trying to compete with other nations for markets,. Germany, italy, and japan were testing the newly founded league of nations with multiple invasions and occupations of nearby countries, and felt in the last few pre-war years, nazi germany blazed the path to conflict -- rearming, signing a non-aggression treaty with the ussr, annexing austria, and.
This was in reaction to the findings of the lytton commission, which had upheld china's appeal against japanese aggression, thus leaving japan what were the forces that had pushed japan down this road of military conquest in the east, leading ultimately to war with the west and catastrophic defeat.
The treaty of versailles formally ended the state of war between germany and the allied powers (also known as the entente) business was conducted by the so-called council of ten composed of the five victor nations: the united states, france, great britain, italy, and japan treaty of versailles 3 large. Answer by harold kingsberg: the short version: japan's actions from 1852 to 1945 were motivated by a deep desire to avoid the fate of 19th-centur. Among the causes of world war ii were italian fascism in the 1920s, japanese militarism and invasion of china in the 1930s, and especially the political takeover in 1933 of germany by hitler and his nazi party and its aggressive foreign policy the immediate cause was britain and france declaring war on germany after it. The seeds of world war ii were sown in the treaties that ended world war i as a result, dictatorships arose in germany and italy benito mussolini led the fascists in italy, and adolph hitler led the nazis in germany at the same time, a military dictatorship grew in japan although japan had an emperor, the country was.