What is the difference between latitude and longitude in this article, i will it refers to a measurement of distance east or west of the earth's prime meridian are measured since these words are both spelled with a, you should be able to remember that latitude lines are positioned horizontally, parallel to the equator. Since the equator is approximately 24,902 miles long, the distance between time zones at the equator is approximately 1,038 miles the imaginary dividing lines begin at greenwich, a suburb of london the primary dividing line of longitude is called the prime meridian longitude is the angular distance between a point on. What is the difference between parallels and meridians parallels these lines of latitude are located parallel to the equator and never intersect this is why they the longitudes of other locations are measured as the angle east or west from the prime meridian – +180° eastward and −180° westward. As far as i know prime meridian and greenwich meridian is same prime meridian is defined as a imaginary line which divides earth into two hemispheres estward and westward like equator in short,prime meridian denotes the 0° longitude and, greenwic. Latitude has 180 number of lines whereas longitude has 360 number of lines notable lines of latitude are the equator, tropic of cancer, tropic of capricorn whereas notable lines of longitude are greenwich meridian the distance between two adjacent lines of latitude is constant that is 111km whereas. History of greenwich mean time (gmt) and its role in setting world time zones it is the difference between ut1 and utc that is kept below 09s by the application of leap seconds the greenwich meridian (prime meridian or longitude zero degrees) marks the starting point of every time zone of the time zone map.
The equator represents 0° latitude, while the north and south poles represent 90 ° north and 90° south latitudes in addition the prime meridian is set as 0° longitude and it divides the earth into the eastern and the western hemisphere a straight line connecting two great circles is the shortest distance between them. The equator on earth is an interesting place because of the earth's rotation the difference between seasons is minimal in areas near the equator, and temperatures are generally high year round (with exceptions based on altitude) the prime meridian unlike the equator, which is determined by the earth's. The earth rotates daily about an axis this axis of rotation intersects the surface of the earth at the north and south poles imagine a plane that is normal to the axis of rotation and lies halfway between the north and south poles the equator is the intersection of this plane and the surface of the earth.
Latitude alludes to the horizontal lines that represent the distance of any point, north or south of the equator, its direction is east to west on the other hand, longitude implies the vertical lines indicating the distance of any point, east or west of the prime meridian, its direction is north to south latitudes are. They are different things the equator is 0 degree latitude this imaginary line, which runs through parts of south america, africa, and asia, is officially the halfway point between the north pole and the south pole the prime meridian is 0 degrees longitude this imaginary line runs through the united kingdom, france,.
It can be difficult to calculate though the international date line when trying to determine the amount of time difference between locations on either side this calculation is very similar to the situation with the prime meridian you must start by finding the difference in longitude (or degrees) of the two places you do this by. Prime meridian,equator, latitude and longitude longitude is defined as measurement of distance in degrees east or west of the prime meridian latitude -longitude • noon sun angle (sa) = 90o – n where n = distance in latitude between observer and sun's vertical rays • ex: what is the sun angle for. The equator and prime meridian are circles that stretch all the way around the earth at latitude 0° (the equator) day length will be approximately 12 hours in summer, the regions north of the arctic circle enjoy between one and two months of midnight sun – 24 hours of sunlight due to the relative tilt of the earth towards.
Key difference: the equator is the imaginary circle that draws a line between the northern hemisphere and southern hemisphere it is the point from where the latitude is calculated in other words, the equator is at 0° latitude the prime meridian is the vertical line that marks the zero degree longitude measurement on the.
And the prime meridian intersect the equator is the only place on the graticule where the linear distance corresponding to one degree latitude is approximately equal the distance corresponding to one degree longitude because the longitude lines converge at the poles, the distance between two meridians is different at. Please note: charts used in ocean navigation often use the opposite notation--λ for longitude and φ for latitude the convention followed here resembles the one used by mathematicians in 3 dimensions for spherical polar coordinates. Earth is split along two lines — the equator running east-west and the prime meridian running north-south — into hemispheres while each hemisphere, as these quarters of the earth are called, is distinct from its peers, the north-south division caused by the equator denotes a particular shift in terms of.